Pediatricians (833) KIDS-DOC
  1. Home
  2. Pediatric Services
  3. Allergies in Children

Allergies in Children

Allergies in children are a very common medical condition in which the body’s immune system overreacts to certain substances, such as pollen, dust, animal dander, food, or certain medications. The immune system mistakenly identifies these substances as dangerous and produces antibodies to fight them off. This causes the body to release histamine, a chemical that triggers an allergic reaction. 

Symptoms of allergies in children can include sneezing, coughing, itchy eyes, runny nose, and skin rash. In some cases, allergies can even cause anaphylaxis, a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction.

In order to diagnose allergies in children, doctors may use a combination of physical exams, skin tests, blood tests, and allergy tests. Treatment for allergies in children may include avoiding the allergen, medications, or immunotherapy.

What Are The Symptoms Of Allergy?


Allergies can trigger a wide range of symptoms in children, and the severity can vary depending on the type of allergy. Brace yourself for the perplexing and bursty symptoms that your child may experience:

Skin rash and itchy skin: Hives are a common allergic reaction that manifests as mosquito-bite-like bumps throughout the body, causing extreme itchiness.

Breathing problems: Inflammation triggered by allergens can lead to sneezing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and narrowing of the upper airway (pharynx or trachea), which can be quite distressing.

Stomach problems: If your child has a food allergy, they may experience vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea, which can be quite jarring and unpredictable.

Circulation problems: Allergies can cause pale skin, dizziness, fainting, and a general feeling of discomfort. These symptoms can be overwhelming and require immediate medical attention.

Remember, the more parts of the body that are affected by an allergy, the more severe it is, and the quicker you need to act. If your child experiences any of these symptoms, seek medical help immediately to avoid any further complications.

 What Kind of Substances Triggers Allergies?


To truly understand the complexity of what substances trigger allergies, we must delve into the intricate workings of the human immune system. The immune system is designed to protect us from harmful foreign substances, such as viruses and bacteria, but sometimes it can mistake harmless substances, like pollen or pet dander, as harmful invaders. When this happens, the immune system overreacts and produces an allergic response.

The substances that trigger allergies, also known as allergens, can vary greatly depending on the individual and their specific immune system. Common allergens include pollen, dust mites, mold spores, pet dander, certain foods like nuts or shellfish, and insect stings.

Interestingly, the severity of an allergic reaction can also vary greatly. Some people may experience mild symptoms, such as a runny nose or itchy eyes, while others may experience more severe symptoms, such as difficulty breathing or anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening.

To avoid triggering an allergic reaction, it’s important to identify your specific allergens and take measures to minimize your exposure to them. This may involve lifestyle changes, such as avoiding certain foods or keeping pets out of the home, or medical treatment, such as allergy shots or medication.

What exactly happens during an allergic reaction?


Allergic reactions occur in two stages, with the first being infra-clinical, which is often unnoticed without any apparent symptoms. During this stage, the allergen is encountered by the immune system for the first time, and certain immune cells become sensitized and remember the allergen. When the body encounters the same allergen again, these immune cells are rapidly activated.

During the second encounter, the sensitized immune cells quickly release biologically active substances, including the essential histamine, which leads to an exaggerated histamine release that causes the symptoms associated with an allergic reaction.

In severe allergic reactions, the histamine release is excessive, resulting in not only local allergic symptoms such as redness, swelling, and itching but also systemic complications, including the dreadful state of anaphylactic shock. The histamine substance travels throughout the body and affects other organs, causing a variety of complications.

If left untreated, anaphylactic shock can be life-threatening. Therefore, it’s essential to recognize and treat allergic reactions promptly. It is recommended to consult a doctor or allergist if you experience symptoms such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue, or hives.

What Can Cause A Food Allergy And How To Identify It?


Food allergy is a complex immune system response that can be triggered by a variety of factors. Some of the common causes of food allergies include genetics, environmental factors, and individual immune system responses. However, the exact cause of food allergies is not fully understood, and research is ongoing to uncover the underlying mechanisms.

Identifying a food allergy can be challenging, as symptoms can vary widely and may not appear immediately after consuming a particular food. Some common symptoms of food allergies include hives, itching, swelling, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, food allergies can cause anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction that requires immediate medical attention.

To identify a food allergy, it is important to keep a detailed food diary and document any symptoms that occur after consuming certain foods. Additionally, allergy testing can be conducted by a medical professional to determine which foods may be causing an allergic reaction. Allergy testing may involve skin tests or blood tests, and can help identify specific food allergens that should be avoided.

Overall, identifying and managing food allergies can be a complex and ongoing process, but working with a medical professional and keeping a detailed food diary can help pinpoint allergens and reduce the risk of allergic reactions.

If I Am Allergic, Can My Child Be Allergic?


While there is a possibility that your child may inherit your allergies, there is no guarantee that they will have the same allergic reactions as you.

You see, allergies are a complex and multifactorial condition that can be influenced by a variety of genetic and environmental factors. While genetics plays a role in the development of allergies, it is not the only determining factor. The environment also plays a significant role in the development of allergies, as exposure to certain allergens can trigger an allergic reaction.

Therefore, while it is possible for your child to inherit your allergies, it is not a foregone conclusion. Your child’s risk of developing allergies will depend on a variety of factors, including their genetic makeup, their exposure to allergens, and their overall health and immune system function.

So, to sum up, while there is a possibility that your child may be allergic if you are, there is no guarantee that they will have the same allergic reactions as you. The best course of action is to be vigilant about your child’s health and watch for any signs of allergic reactions, and to work with your healthcare provider to manage any allergies that either you or your child may have.

As A Parent, What Can I Do?


As a parent, there are several things you can do to help reduce the risk of your child developing allergies and manage any allergies that they may have:

1. Understand the symptoms of allergies: Be aware of the common symptoms of allergies, such as hives, sneezing, itching, and swelling. Knowing what to look for can help you identify if your child is experiencing an allergic reaction and seek medical help if necessary.

2. Identify potential allergens: Keep an eye out for any potential allergens in your child’s environment, such as pet dander, pollen, dust mites, and certain foods. If you suspect that your child has an allergy, work with your healthcare provider to identify the specific allergen and develop a plan to manage it.

3. Keep your child’s environment clean: Regularly clean your home to remove allergens, and consider investing in an air purifier to help reduce indoor allergens. If your child has a food allergy, ensure that any foods they are allergic to are not kept in the house.

4. Talk to your healthcare provider: If you suspect that your child has an allergy, talk to your healthcare provider. They can help identify the allergen, provide advice on managing the allergy, and prescribe medications such as antihistamines or epinephrine auto-injectors if necessary.

5. Educate your child: Teach your child about their allergies and how to avoid allergens. Encourage them to ask questions and communicate any symptoms they may be experiencing.

Remember, allergies can be managed with the right treatment and precautions. By staying vigilant and working with your healthcare provider, you can help keep your child healthy and happy.